George Gershwin was an important and colorful American composer and pianist (1898-1937) whose music blended classical, jazz, and other popular styles into some of the most loved American music of the 20th century. His music has been used in many films, televison, and on the Broadway stage. His most known works are Rhapsody in Blue for orchestra and piano, An American in Paris, and the opera Porgy and Bess. Gershwin is one of the coolest!
RHAPSODY IN BLUE (14:01)
Rhapsody in Blue was written 1924 and the story behind its creation is extraordinary. Gershwin had a deadline of 5 weeks to compose the work. In his own words, here's what happened:
"It was on the train, with its steely rhythms, its rattle-ty bang, that is so often so stimulating to a composer I frequently hear music in the very heart of the noise... And there I suddenly heard, and even saw on paper the complete construction of the Rhapsody, from beginning to end. No new themes came to me, but I worked on the thematic material already in my mind and tried to conceive the composition as a whole. I heard it as a sort of musical kaleidoscope of America, of our vast melting pot, of our unduplicated national pep, of our blues, our metropolitan madness. By the time I reached Boston I had a definite plot of the piece, as distinguished from its actual substance."
Aaron Copland was a major American composer (1900-1990), pianist, and conductor. His music created a distinctive American style and includes concert, film, ballet, and other works. He achieved fame with his ballet scores, Billy the Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring, and his Fanfare for the Common Man is well known as a moving patriotic piece which is often played. Get to know this composer!
EL SALON MEXICO (11:24)
El Salon Mexico was completed in 1936 and had immediate and wide appeal to audiences. Copland visited Mexico numerous times and incorporated Mexican folk music themes into the work. This thing rocks!
BUCKAROO HOLIDAY (FROM THE BALLET, RODEO) (7:02)
The ballet, Rodeo, was first performed in 1942 and was an immediate success. The story tells of a love-struck young tomboy, the "Cowgirl" who is very accomplished in all the skills of the cowboys. She falls for the "Head Wrangler," but he is unimpressed by her skills. Things change and he falls for her when she trades her cowboy outfit for a dress and shows a more womanly side at the rodeo dance. The "Buckaroo Holiday" movement opens the show and incorporates two cowboy themes in a spirited set of dances.
FANFARE FOR THE COMMON MAN (2:04)
Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man was written in 1942 upon a request from the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra for fanfares to serve as a patriotic opening to the concert season. Various composers submitted 18 fanfares. Copland's is the only one which remains in the standard concert repertoire. The work has been used by several Rock groups, including Emerson, Lake & Palmer, and The Rolling Stones.
APPALACHIAN SPRING (24:37)
The ballet, Appalachian Spring, premiered in 1944, and the orchestral suite from the ballet achieved widespread popularity and is considered a masterpiece. Copland was awarded the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for Music for the work. The storyline is described in the musical score as follows:
A pioneer celebration in spring around a newly-built farmhouse in the Pennsylvania hills in the early part of the last century. The bride-to-be and the young farmer-husband enact the emotions, joyful and apprehensive, their new domestic partnership invites. An older neighbor suggests now and then the rocky confidence of experience. A revivalist and his followers remind the new householders of the strange and terrible aspects of human fate. At the end, the couple are left quiet and strong in their new house.